Meghana Kalavar  1 Arjun Watane  1 David Wu  2 Jayanth Sridhar  1 Prithvi Mruthyunjaya  3 Ravi Parikh  4   5

1 Bascom Palmer Eye Institute at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.

2 Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospitals Baltimore, MD, United States.

3 Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

4 Manhattan Retina and Eye Consultants New York, NY, United States.

5 New York University Langone Health New York, NY, United States.

Semin Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar 24;1-6.

Purpose: To assess whether the type of peer-review (single-blinded vs double-blinded) has an impact on nationality representation in journals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study analyzing the top 10 nationalities contributing to the number of articles across 16 ophthalmology journals.

Results: There was no difference in the percentage of articles published from the journal’s country of origin between the top single-blind journals and double-blind journals (SB = 42.0%, DB = 26.6%, p = .49), but there was a significant difference between the percentage of articles from the US (SB = 48.0%, DB = 22.8%, p = .02). However, there was no difference for both country of origin (SB = 38.0%, DB = 26.6%, p = .43) and articles from the US (SB = 35.0%, DB = 22.8%, p = .21) when assessing the top eight double-blind journals matched with single-blind journals of a similar impact factor. The US (n = 16, 100%) and England (n = 16, 100%) most commonly made the top 10 lists for article contribution. This held true even for journals established outside the United States (US=11/12, England = 11/12).

Conclusions: There was no significant difference in country-of-origin representation between single-blind journals and double-blind journals. However, higher income countries contributed most often to the journals studied even among journals based outside the US.


Dr. Meghana Kalavar

Dr. Meghana Kalavar, irst author of the article